Assessed Value vs Appraised Value: Understanding the Difference

Contest the Appraisal
If a home under appraises, there is always the option to contest the appraisal. While this option is often ineffective, having a local real estate market expert, can be the difference. When contesting the appraisal, the real estate agent needs to supply recent home sales (the more the better) that they feel are great “comparable” properties. The appraisal can decide to either use or not use the “comparable” properties supplied by the real estate agent. In this situation everyone involved is at the mercy of the appraiser.

However, the property in question recently underwent a major renovation to update the kitchen and bathrooms. With that, the assessor will likely determine that the property has a higher-than-average value. In most cases, property value assessments are conducted using mass appraisal techniques with the help of automated computer programs. Specifically, the assessed value is used to calculate property taxes. The market value of a home is often referred to as the fair market value.

Either way, an experienced real estate agent can advise you if you run into complications with your appraisal. Disputing a tax assessment requires contacting or filing a formal appeal with your local tax authority. You’ll want to keep records of any transactions or interactions relating to your property, and research comps in your area before reaching out. Each jurisdiction will have a different process, so you’ll need to contact local officials to find out the next steps. A gift of equity is when a family member sells you a property below market value. The difference between the home’s sales price and its market value becomes a gift of equity.

Contest Your Property Tax Bill

If the assessment ratio in that municipality is 40%, multiply that by $325,000 to get an assessed value of $130,000. Then, let’s say the millage rate for the local municipality is $20 per $1,000 (or 2%). You’ll multiply that by the assessed value to get a property tax bill of $2,600 for the year. If you’re interested in buying a home, consider its attached property taxes to be as instrumental in your decision making as its asking price. You may also want to use property tax rates to guide which counties you look to buy in, since something as simple as moving to the next zip code could mean big tax savings.

  • In order to get an appraisal redone, you’ll need to provide a point of comparison that shows the original value is off.
  • When buying a home, the appraised value protects you from paying more than the house is worth.
  • Put simply, assessed value is the amount your local government thinks your home is worth; it’s what is used to determine property taxes.
  • To request a reduction in your assessed value, a representative from the local tax assessor’s office will visit your home to conduct a more in-depth survey.

The appraisal is a professional determination of what the home is worth, usually for the purposes of a mortgage lender. However, the market value is a reflection of what a buyer may be willing to pay for a home or property. Ultimately, deciding whether to get an assessment or appraisal on your home will depend on your specific needs. If you want to figure out how much you’ll pay in real property taxes after making improvements or renovations to your home, then an assessment will be helpful. Appraisals are valuations of a property’s current value and are typically conducted by a designated individual representing a regulatory body. Appraisals tend to be more subjective than assessments because the professional appraiser is looking to determine a property’s fair market value.

How To Use The Assessed Value To Calculate Property Taxes

You can also dispute the assessed value of a property through an appeal. You’ll typically have a set period of time after you receive your property tax assessment to file your petition. You may choose to submit your appeal on your own or through an attorney. You hire an appraiser who inspects the property and performs a comparative market analysis, giving you an estimated value of $330,000. Homeowners also sometimes commission an appraisal before they put their home on the market (called a pre-listing appraisal) to help them figure out a fair asking price. If you believe that the government has assessed your home unfairly and is overcharging you, you can appeal your property assessment.

How do you find the assessed value of a property?

As you evaluate your home’s long-term value, it is best to consider many factors and consult a real estate agent to review historical trends for your area. A homeowner can increase their home’s value if they’re looking to sell. For example, you can upgrade your kitchen appliances or spruce up landscaping to raise the value of your home and appeal to potential home buyers. The assessed value may be lower for a property if you are an owner-occupant as opposed to a landlord (this is sometimes called a homestead exemption). That doesn’t affect the market value of the property but can reduce your property tax bill.

What Is Property Tax Assessment?

There are also cases where homeowners may use an appraisal to file a tax appeal in an attempt to lower property taxes. The relationship between tax assessed value and appraised value often varies from state to state. Some states, such as California, impose a rate limit on tax assessments, which prevents them from increasing too much from year to year. Because of this rate limit, it means that appraisal values will often far exceed the tax assessed values of properties. In other states, however, the tax assessment may be made every few years rather than on a yearly basis, which can lead to substantial jumps in the amount of taxes owed on a property.

Although both processes are subjective, appraisals tend to have a larger impact on your home’s value because the property appraiser looks closely at the finer improvements you’ve made to the home. On the other hand, assessors are simply there to determine how much taxes you’re required to pay on your home based on similar homes in your neighborhood. The main difference is that assessments are primarily used for tax determination, whereas appraisals help determine a home’s fair market value, typically during a sale. As such, assessments are more frequent than appraisals since local governments collect taxes annually or every few years. The assessed value of a property may also change if the designated tax authorities change the tax rate used to calculate the taxes.

How Do Assessments Work?

On the other hand, if you’re seeing a ton of interest in your home from multiple buyers, you may find that the market value is higher than the appraisal value. When in the market to buy or sell a home, you’ll encounter many numbers. Though, none are more critical than the listing price or home value.

Sometimes these numbers are the same, but – as mentioned in the example above – these numbers can be different. One of the best ways to evaluate fair market value is to find comparable homes (“comps”) in your area. Rocket Mortgage® can provide a more accurate rate estimate if they know what kind of property you’re interested in. If you don’t agree with the results of your first appraisal, you can try to appeal the decision. You might go back to your appraiser armed with additional information and comps to plead your case. Another option is to pay for a second or even third appraiser to offer another opinion.

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